By Kirsteen McLay-Knopp
One in 68 of our world’s children is diagnosed as being on the Autism Spectrum: as having “ASD”, Autism Spectrum Disorder. Autism occurs across all racial and ethnic groups and is almost five times more common among boys (1 in 42) as it is among girls (1 in 89). [Stats source: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/data.html]. World Autism Awareness Day is April 2nd.
So what exactly is autism? Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. ASD can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor coordination and attention as well as physical health issues such as sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances. Some people with ASD excel in visual skills, music, maths and art. Doctors include autism in a group…
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